EXIOBASE is a global, detailed Multi-Regional Environmentally Extended Supply-Use  Table (MR-SUT) and Input-Output Table (MR-IOT). It was developed by harmonizing and detailing supply-use tables for a large number of countries, estimating emissions and resource extractions by industry. Subsequently the country supply-use tables were linked via trade  creating an MR-SUT and producing a MR-IOTs from this. The MR-IOT that can be used for the analysis of the environmental impacts associated with the final consumption of product groups.

EXIOBASE was developed by a consortium of several research institutes in projects financed by the European research framework programs. Three version of EXIOBASE are available.

EXIOBASE version 3

This version comes in two forms: monetary and hybrid. The monetary form of exiobase 3 has the usual structure with monetary supply-use tables with physical extensions. The monetary supply-use tables were originally available for the years 1995 - 2011, with various nowcasts to extend the data to 2020 (and beyond). In the hybrid form the transactions in the supply-use tables are as far as relevant specified in mass or energy units.  Both the version 3 monetary tables and physical tables have seen some updates and might be updated in the future. Be sure to use the latest version. Older versions are kept available for reference purpose.

The monetary tables have the following characteristics:

  • 44 countries, 5 Rest of World regions
  • 200 products
  • 163 industries
  • 3 employment skill levels per gender
  • 417 emission categories
  • 662 material and resources categories

The hybrid tables have the following characteristics:

  • 43 countries, 5 Rest of World regions
  • 200 products
  • 164 industries
  • 39 resources
  • 5 land categories
  • 66 emissions
  • supply and use of waste flows
  • supply and use of packaging
  • new accumulation of materials
  • crop residues/grass accounts
  • avoided emissions

While the hybrid tables are partly based on the monetary tables, its structure is different from the monetary tables. It doesn't distinghuish Taiwan because data were lacking and the order of the countries is different. It also includes one additional industry sector. In the hybrid table the sector "Manufacture of gas; distribution of gaseous fuels through mains" was split into two sectors: "Manufacture of gas" and "distribution of gaseous fuels through mains". Other notable addition in the hybrid tables is the inclusions of waste extensions and stock addition information. Only by-product technology input-output tables are available because of the mixed unit nature of the hybrid tables.

Various concordance tables for the database are available here.

How to download

Data updates are now housed on Zenodo for the monetary version: https://zenodo.org/record/3583071 . A version of EXIOBASE with disaggregated rest of the world regions EXIOBASE3rx is available at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654460 and includes land extensions to 2015.


Older Versions:

EXIOBASE version 1

This version covers the year 2000. It has the following characteristics:

  • 43 countries, 1 Rest of World region
  • 200 products
  • 163 industries
  • 15 land use types Employment per three skill levels
  • 48 types of raw materials
  • 172 types of water uses

EXIOBASE version 2

This version covers the year 2007. It has the following characteristics:

  • 43 countries, 5 Rest of World regions
  • 200 products
  • 163 industries
  • 15 land use types
  • Employment per three skill levels
  • 48 types of raw materials
  • 172 types of water uses

Referring to EXIOBASE

When using/referring to EXIOBASE, please refer to the following publications.

EXIOBASE version 1

Tukker, A., A. de Koning, R. Wood, T. Hawkins, S. Lutter, J. Acosta, J.M. Rueda Cantuche, M. Bouwmeester, J. Oosterhaven, T. Drosdowski, J. Kuenen (2013) EXIOPOL - Development and illustrative analyses of a detailed global mr ee sut/iot. Economic Systems Research, 25(1)50-70. doi:  10.1080/09535314.2012.761952

EXIOBASE version 2

Wood, R., K. Stadler, T. Bulavskaya, S. Lutter, S. Giljum, A. de Koning, J. Kuenen, H. Schütz, J. Acosta-Fernández, A. Usubiaga, M. Simas, O. Ivanova, J. Weinzettel, J.H. Schmidt, S. Merciai, A. Tukker (2015) Global sustainability accounting-developing EXIOBASE for multi-regional footprint analysis. Sustainability, 7(1)138-163. doi: 10.3390/su7010138

EXIOBASE version 3 monetary

Stadler K, R. Wood, T. Bulavskaya, C.J. Sodersten, M. Simas, S. Schmidt, A. Usubiaga, J. Acosta-Fernandez, J. Kuenen, M. Bruckner, S. Giljum, S. Lutter, S. Merciai, J.H. Schmidt, M.C. Theurl, C. Plutzar, T. Kastner, M. Eisenmenger, K. Erb, A. de Koning, A. Tukker (2018) EXIOBASE 3: Developing a Time Series of Detailed Environmentally Extended Multi-Regional Input-Output Tables, Journal of Industrial Ecology 22(3)502-515. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12715

EXIOBASE version 3 hybrid

Merciai, S. and J. Schmidt (2016) Physical/Hybrid Supply and Use Tables. Methodological Report. EU FP7 DESIRE Project. http://fp7desire.eu/documents/category/3-public-deliverables

Merciai, S. and J. Schmidt (2018) Methodology for the Construction of Global Multi-Regional Hybrid Supply and Use Tables for the EXIOBASE v3 Database. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 22(3)516-531. doi:10.1111/jiec.12713

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There is extensive documentation available in the Publications section.