Welcome to EXIOBASE

EXIOBASE is a global, detailed Multi-regional Environmentally Extended Supply and Use / Input Output (MR EE SUT/IOT) database. It was developed by harmonizing and detailing SUT for a large number of countries, estimating emissions and resource extractions by industry, linking the country EE SUT via trade to an MR EE SUT, and producing an MR EE IOT from this. The international input-output table that can be used for the analysis of the environmental impacts associated with the final consumption of product groups.

Questions like “how much CO2 emissions arise in India from steel consumed in the Netherlands” or “which product group has the highest water use in the UK” can be answered by this tool.

EXIOBASE has the following characteristics:

  • Covering 43 countries (95% of the global economy) and the Rest of the World (combining the remaining 150+ countries)
  • Full trade matrices with insights on which product from which country is exported to which industry sector in another country
  • Base year 2000
  • Distinguishing 129 industry sectors and products by country
  • Covering 30 emitted substances and 80 resources by industry

Extensions can be aggregated to compile indicators such as Global Warming Potential. Acidification, Total material requirement, and external costs. The latter were calculated by assessing the external costs of a kg per gas emission of a specific substance by a specific industry in a specific country, considering population density, rural or urban location, and stack height related to the emission.


CREEA Booklet

CREEA BookletThe Global Resource Footprint of Nations
Carbon, water, land and materials embodied in trade and final consumption calculated with EXIOBASE 2.1

Arnold Tukker, Tatyana Bulavskaya, Stefan Giljum, Arjan de Koning, Stephan Lutter, Moana Simas, Konstantin Stadler, Richard Wood

We are proud to present this booklet, the result of years of hard work. This is the first time, to our knowledge, that the total global environmental footprint – encompassing the carbon, water, land and material consumption footprint of various countries – has been compiled using one detailed, consistent and comprehensive global economic-environmental database.